They've gone mad, Europe has gone mad. We'll assume you're ok with this, but you can opt-out if you wish. Amundsen, Scott or Shackleton – What type of leader are you? Scott's men and the supporting characters, Amundsen and Shackleton, his rivals; Clement Markham, his discoverer; his wife Kathleen -- give a fascinating picture of English society before the First World War. Now we'll have a feast tomorrow, and everything that's not going on the sledges can be eaten. 31 quotes from Ernest Shackleton: 'Difficulties are just things to overcome, after all. Sending the ship north, Shackleton and his men wintered in McMurdo Sound. That's what I'm responsible for! Shop affordable wall art to hang in dorms, bedrooms, offices, or anywhere blank walls aren't welcome. Frank Worsley: The men were looking forward to celebrating Christmas, boss. South (Ernest Shackleton) Scott had decided that his attempt on the pole would also include surveying the route, taking photographs etc. He prepared carefully, planned his route, leaving supply tents along the way, his simple, primary task was to get to the pole and back, nothing else would get in his way. Hunter Stewart (South: Scott and Amundsen's Race to the Pole) ariel sharon marcos courtship bea night in the woods sorrow and grief sorrow of war bea smith sorrow and pain sorrow and joy sorrow love 3; Logged Scott/Shackleton/Amundsen « on: September 24, 2017, 05:50:14 PM » Hi New to this theory, which all started with the recent 'fire' bomb on the London tube, of which I do not believe happened, how it was portrayed. 200, you make the selection. A zero, a naught, nothing. And if they should fail, then I will try again. Sir Ernest Shackleton – Quoted from “South” As the tiny James Caird lifeboat made its way across the convulsive Weddell Sea, and the weary six man crew struggled to cope with numerous dangers, hunger, cold and unrelenting soakings, sometimes Tom Crean would sing, especially when he would take up his shift at the boat’s tiller. If you enjoy these quotes, be sure to check out other famous explorers! Amundsen's route through unknown land Scott's route the same as that chartered by Shackleton until 88° 23' S Air Distance to the pole: 1278 km (690 NM) 1374 km (742 NM) Amundsen 96 km (52 NM) closer. Sir Ernest Shackleton: You think the threat of war makes it hard to raise money; it doesn't make any bloody difference! Shop affordable wall art to hang in dorms, bedrooms, offices, or anywhere blank walls aren't welcome. For 2 months they were stranded on an ice floe, when he decided that all should man the lifeboats and head for Elephant Island, 350 miles away. And one year of each of those 28 lives is in these pictures. The famous author Roald Dahl is named … You are right, sir, we failed. — Ernest Shackleton, The heart of the Antarctic. Posted 24th October 2011 by jellyhaus. Because I believe it is in our nature to explore, to reach out into the unknown. to complete the journey that Scott left unfinished, walking from the edge of Antarctica to the center and back again. He was one of the principal figures of the period known as the Heroic Age of Antarctic Exploration. The Amundsen–Scott South Pole Station is a United States scientific research station at the South Pole, the southernmost place on the Earth. He disappeared in 1928 while taking part in a rescue mission. For 2 months they were stranded on an ice floe, when he decided that all should man the lifeboats and head for Elephant Island, 350 miles away. In that case I have a couple of maiden aunts who'll be very interested to meet you. In Shackleston words: “Superhuman effort isn’t worth a damn unless it achieves results.”. He beat Robert Falcon Scott, who also made it to the pole, but after Amundsen and sadly perished on his return journey. Every single one of you. Other bodies of water, boats, schools, railroad cars, etc are also named after him. How do you help people develop quickly and for free? Rent an office and get started, I suppose. Henry McNish: They'd say, "If there's an iceberg in London, what the bloody hell's happening to Scotland?". If it's not a war, it's a peace, or the stock market, or the weather, or the time of year. THEIR LIVES! Unique Shackleton Posters designed and sold by artists. Sir Ernest Henry Shackleton [ˈɜɻnɛst ˈhɛnɻi ˈʃækəltən] CVO, OBE , LL.D, OLH war ein britischer Polarforscher irischer Abstammung und eine der herausragenden Persönlichkeiten des sogenannten Goldenen Zeitalters der Antarktisforschung. Today, Roald Amunsen’s legacy lives on. Am 21. You are right, sir, we failed. Do not let this affect your sleep; you're going to need it. The only true failure... would be not to explore at all. I don't want to stay here any longer; it isn't safe. But if you threaten my expedition, the lives of my men, if you become the danger... then I will have no hesitation in having you shot. See more ideas about heroic age, antarctic, endurance. For a joint scientific and geographical piece of organization, give me Scott; for a Winter Journey, Wilson; for a dash to the Pole and nothing else, Amundsen: and if I am in the devil of a hole and want to get out of it, give me Shackleton every time. He formed his polar team but wasn’t specific about roles. This website uses cookies to improve your experience while you navigate through the website. The story of the drama becomes also an illustration of human and social character. I chose life over death for myself and for my friends, which is why I am here to tell you about it tonight. The former returned to the Pole even after it was discovered, Thomson questions whether Scott would have done the same (pg. We all smell a little. We're doing our best to make sure our content is useful, accurate and safe.If by any chance you spot an inappropriate comment while navigating through our website please use this form to let us know, and we'll take care of it shortly. Tell us about the war. Sir Ernest Shackleton: I'm the leader of this expedition, and your contract is with me, not the bloody ship! He had been there in Robert Scott’s Discovery expedition of 1901-04. See more ideas about polar, sailing ships, roald amundsen. Well, maybe he'll come in useful. Sir James Caird: After this conversation, I realize there is only one option open to me if I am to protect myself and my money. Again they did this in a lifeboat, this time named the James Caird.They made it through a hurricane that sank a 500 ton steamer. Now move, and that's an order. They landed and then walked non stop for 36 hours to a whaling station where they were able to raise help and send a vessel to rescue the rest of the men from Elephant Island. Frank Hurley: I'm not leaving them behind! He also planned to eat his sledge dogs during his expedition, a unique, quick source of fresh meat, another traditional way of the Eskimo. Sir Ernest Shackleton: Mr. Blackborow, have you ever been to the Antarctic? Expedition start 1911-10-20 1911-11-01 Amundsen 11 days ahead of Scott Enjoy the best Ernest Shackleton quotes and picture quotes! The sun will be above the horizon for 24 hours. Raymond Priestley > Quotes > Quotable Quote “For scientific discovery, give me Scott; for speed and efficiency of travel, give me Amundsen; but when you are in a hopeless situation, when you are seeing no way out, get down on your knees and pray for Shackleton” You must wait here for warmer weather. More Roald Amundsen on Wikipedia. * If you think that's wrong, then you come to me! The polar adventures of Shackleton, Scott, and Amundsen provide fundamental leadership lessons for any leader -- no matter what race must be run: Effective leadership requires a … Sir Ernest Shackleton: You're the expedition photographer. The Amundsen–Scott South Pole Station is the United States scientific research station at the South Pole of the Earth. In Antarctica, many landmarks bear his name: Amundsen Sea, Amundsen Glacier, Amundsen Bay, Amundsen Coast, Amundsen-Scott South Pole Station, and Mount Amundsen. Sir Ernest Shackleton: We have been away so long. Any cookies that may not be particularly necessary for the website to function and is used specifically to collect user personal data via analytics, ads, other embedded contents are termed as non-necessary cookies. It is the southernmost point under the jurisdiction (not sovereignty) of the United States. Each of these men had very different views towards leadership, which one do you think you are? It's a war like... no other war. It's just, I heard you were two men short, so I thought I could help out, like. — Ernest Shackleton, South. Shackleton was more drawn to the South than Scott (pg. Shackleton led a four man team in an attempt to reach the South Pole, and laboured to within 95 miles of their goal, before he conceded that, should they continue, they could probably reach the Pole, but all would surely die on the return journey. After the darkness of the Antarctic winter, the return of the sun was a major event in 1915. Very traditional in his view of authority, decision making and the treatment of his men. 3440 km (1857 NM). Er nahm an vier Antarktisexpeditionen teil, von denen er bei dreien als Expeditionsleiter tätig war. These cookies will be stored in your browser only with your consent. Sir Ernest Shackleton – Quoted from “South”. Sir Ernest Shackleton: Well, so much for cutting steps. This is a cheque for £24,000. Although the battle with Shackleton had somewhat been quashed, a new competition to be the first to the South Pole would ensue between Scott and Norwegian explorer, Roald Amundsen. Sir Ernest Shackleton: We're on South Georgia. Like a deck? Leadership and Management Apprenticeship Programmes. The Best Leaders Forge Strong Team Bonds . Jun 10, 2018 - Explore Nick Dove's board "Robert Falcon Scott" on Pinterest. Shackleton then heard that an earlier Antarctic explorer, the Belgian Baron de Gerlache, who explored the Antarctic peninsula in 1897-99 (he had the young Norwegian Amundsen … Amundsen was among key expedition leaders, including Douglas Mawson, Robert Falcon Scott, and Ernest Shackleton, during the Heroic Age of Antarctic Exploration. But opting out of some of these cookies may have an effect on your browsing experience. Emily Shackleton: Well? Henry McNish: We'll, I'm responsible for my life now, and that means I don't have to accept what some bastard who plants flags in snow for a living thinks I should do! "Our food lies ahead and death stalks us from behind." We now await his decision. That's a condescending compromise, and the gravitas of Kevin Spacey's narration is a bit overstated. Scott/Shackleton/Amundsen; Print; Actions. Scott, Shackleton and Amundsen, the great Polar explorers, have left stories of adventure and heroism that have, arguably, never been surpassed. I hope you will forgive me, but I particularly asked that if he saw fit to employ us in the service of our country, that might he allow us to stay together, erhaps aboard a destroyer. Scott and Amundsen – comparing the first two expeditions to the South Pole Roald Amundsen, leading a Norwegian team, was the first person to reach the South Pole on the 14th December, 1911. . Scott/Shackleton/Amundsen; Print; Actions. Jacobsen: There is no possibility to reach the bay at the moment. ), and the harshest facts of the Shackleton journey (e.g., sacrificing beloved dogs for food and euthanasia) are omitted for family viewing. As the tiny James Caird lifeboat made its way across the convulsive Weddell Sea, and the weary six man crew struggled to cope with numerous dangers, hunger, cold and unrelenting soakings, sometimes Tom Crean would sing, especially when he would take up his shift at the boat’s tiller. Who gave you the authority to have 20 men standing still here freezing? In sharp contrast to Scott, both Amundsen and Shackleton made a point of soliciting the ideas of their team members. Perce Blackborow: No, sir. I particularly do not like to see a man's abilities wasted. David Thomson's "Scott, Shackleton, and Amundsen" is sub-titled "Ambition and Tragedy in the Antarctic", which nicely captures the thrust of the book. CAPTAIN Robert Scott and the members of his ill-fated expedition to the South Pole in 1912 are generally thought to have died of vitamin deficiency. ', and 'We had seen God in His splendors, heard the text that Nature renders. This gave him all the advantages of … The contest to be first at the Pole shows that teams … We failed to reach the South Pole. At the same time a second group will land on the other side of the continent, uh, the Ross Sea, and make their way across the Beardmore Glacier towards the Pole, I-I-I mean the, uh, scone, um, laying food depots. At around 3pm on 14 December 1911, Amundsen raised the flag of Norway at the South Pole. I may say that this is the greatest factor: the way in which the expedition is equipped, the way in which every difficulty is foreseen, and precautions taken for meeting or avoiding it. Sir Ernest Shackleton: How many are there? Amundsen was a veteran in Arctic conditions who had skied since childhood and had spent years with the Inuits learning how to handle dogs and dogsleds. . See more ideas about antarctic, antarctica, endurance. History comes to life with Peter FitzSimons in the story of Australia’s most famous polar explorer and the giants from the heroic age of polar exploration: Scott, Amundsen and Shackleton. . Amundsen and his crew returned to their base camp on 25 January 1912, 99 days and roughly 1400 nautical miles after their departure. They barely got half way. I chose life over death for myself and for my friends, which is why I am here to tell you about it tonight. Captain Scott and Captain Shackleton: A 100 Year Old Expedition The return of the sun after 92 days. However his journey was cut short by the elements when his ship, the Endurance, became trapped in ice. In his 1956 address to the British Science Association, Sir Raymond Priestley, one of his contemporaries, said "Scott for scientific method, Amundsen for speed and efficiency but when disaster strikes and all hope is gone, get down on your knees and pray for Shackleton", paraphrasing what Apsley Cherry-Garrard had written in a preface to his 1922 memoir The Worst Journey in the World. If I am, you will die -- die frozen, die starving, die mad. ', and 'We had seen God in His splendors, heard the text that Nature renders. Sir Ernest Shackleton: Well, in England we're used to waiting for warmer weather, aren't we? Sir Ernest Shackleton: We'll strike camp tomorrow. Do you know what starvation is, Mr. Blackborow? While providing a concise summary of the Shackleton team's 1914-16 expedition, this breathtaking IMAX feature employs exacting re-creations and flyover footage (from 1999 and 2000) of the same harsh landscapes that Shackleton and his men traversed, by land and sea, during their ill-fated voyage. Sir Douglas Mawson, born in 1882 and knighted in 1914, remains Australia's greatest Antarctic explorer. What's the point of our survival if there's no record of what's happened? Sir Ernest Shackleton was an Irish Antarctic explorer who led three British expeditions to the Antarctic. In 1908, when Shackleton penetrated the South further than anyone, he turned back to save his men. Dafür begegnet man heute auch hier den tiefen Spuren der Schäden menschlicher Zivilisation. He, along with Scott and Edward Wilson, attempted a dash to the South Pole. I rish-born Shackleton was third officer on Scott’s Discovery expedition and led the 1907-09 Nimrod Expedition and 1914-17 … And so Amundsen, the stern Norwegian, became the spoiler, while Scott, who left behind a widow and infant son, became the hero – in Britain at least. Sir Ernest Shackleton: Miss Stancombe Wills, I don't know how to thank you. To do that, I cannot afford to be sentimental. This year is the 100 year anniversary of Roald Amundsen reaching the south pole, the first person to do so. I need to borrow a ship. This category only includes cookies that ensures basic functionalities and security features of the website. It is clear to me where our first duty lies, and this morning I telegraphed the First Lord of the Admiralty and put our ship, and every one of us, at his disposal. The South Pole (Roald Amund-sen) Triumph at 90° South. Durch die Verspätung gehen Scotts Mannschaft Nahrung und Brennstoff, der mit der Zeit verdunstet, aus. Sir Ernest Shackleton: And there we will, uh, make a base, and a smaller party will start a march towards the, um... Sir Ernest Shackleton: Ah, ah, the scone, precisely. 102). He beat Robert Falcon Scott, who also made it to the pole, but after Amundsen and sadly perished on his return journey. Out of these cookies, the cookies that are categorized as necessary are stored on your browser as they are essential for the working of basic functionalities of the website. Of the many films that have chronicled Ernest Shackleton's team's legendary trans-Antarctic expedition and their struggle for survival, Shackleton's Antarctic Adventure is the only documentary that traces the actual steps of the explorers' blessed journey. Sir Ernest Shackleton: Get these men back to work, Captain. Sir Ernest Shackleton: And don't expect much night from now on. "Shackleton Quotes." “There and back again” is a common theme in life and even literature (think of The Lord of the Rings). Without these we've done *nothing*, except get lost like a bunch of schoolgirls on a nature ramble. Think of your wives, your sweethearts, your children, your grandchildren, your great-grandchildren! expeditions (exemplified by explorers Scott, Amundsen, Mawson and Shackleton) have taken place over recent years and the centenary of Shackleton’s Imperial Trans-Antarctic (H.M.S. After the darkness of the Antarctic winter, the return of the sun was a major event in 1915. Jun 15, 2015 - Explore athena's board "Shackleton" on Pinterest. ', 'Men Wanted: For hazardous journey. I've seen it before; I do not intend to see it again. It is always hard, because what I do appears unreasonable to other men. Without something that the newsmen can understand and support, there is no public; without the public there are no sponsors; without sponsorship there is *no expedition*. In 1914 Ernest Shackleton, for the 3rd time, headed south to the Antarctic. Captain Scott began his trek three weeks later. Henry McNish: Cover her over, you mean? Frank Hurley: And look right into the camera. Henry McNish: Who's the carpenter around here, you or me? But others follow in our footsteps Captain Scott, taking our route; the Norwegian, Amundsen, from the Bay of Whales. Thomas Orde-Lees: At least it'll make your book more exciting. That led me onto the fake Moon landings, the twin towers plane crashes, where the 3rd … Frank Worsley: We don't know what's ahead. Sir Ernest Shackleton: Frank, we can't carry any more weight. This book covers the two most famous expeditions of the heroic age of Antarctic exploration, Robert Falcon Scott's Terra Nova expedition of 1910-12 and Ernest Shackleton's Endurance expedition of 1914-16. Related to Captain James Cook through his mother he followed a naval career, first with the Merchant Navy and … James McIlroy: From up there, Grytviken looks almost romantic. There could be a precipice! Sir Ernest Shackleton: Then we'll make tomorrow Christmas. Sir Ernest Shackleton’s name will always be written in the annals of Antarctic exploration in letters of fire. Henry McNish: I knew you shouldn't've been allowed to read a compass on your own! Small wages, bitter cold, long months of complete darkness, constant danger, safe return doubtful. Who gave you the authority to risk their lives while you discuss what you think?! Sir Ernest Shackleton: They spend half their life on the ocean hunting the greatest creature on the planet, and the other half here, in this stench. Web. The expeditions of Scott and Shackleton were great, and Amundsen's venture was the finest Polar reconnaissance ever made; but each of these must yield the premier position, when fairly compared with Mawson's magnificently conceived and executed scheme of exploration. Perce Blackborow: 19, sir, nearly 20. My name is Ernest Shackleton. His own adventure was due to start very soon, getting his men back to safety. this is an awful place and terrible enough for us to have laboured to it without the reward of priority . The DTS track was always properly synched. Ernest Shackleton is widely recognised as a major figure of the Heroic Era. The Worst Journey in the World (Apsley Cherry-Garrard) Midwin-ter manhaul to Cape Crozier. There's only one word; Proceed. "Few of the great writers about the … John Vincent: We haven't got a ship, we haven't got a contract. Main Tag Shackleton Endurance Mug. If I were to give you less, the expedition might never happen, and my money would be wasted. But they know the ice. Sir Ernest Shackleton: Yes... but I suppose that's impossible. South (1919) by Ernest Shackleton. americanradioworks.publicradio.org/features/walking/part01/meet.html Scott’s Hut Antarctica; Shackleton’s Hut Antarctica; South Georgia; Archives. In reality, Amundsen made a round-trip of approx. He and his men were stranded. Sir Ernest Shackleton: I don't care about the bloody cutters! For decades after his tragic death on the return journey from the South Pole, to which he had been beaten by five weeks by the Norwegian explorer Roald Amundsen, Scott was regarded as a … I 'm not intending to die two men short, so much for cutting steps complete. Your sleep ; you 're the expedition might never happen, and want know. The corrected edition 've done * nothing *, except get lost like a pirate kingdom unless it results.! You want to know why they 're doing what they 're doing Known Versions.. And want to stay here any longer ; it is in these pictures analyze and understand how use... Heroic Era running these cookies will be December 21st, the expedition might happen! Of achievement be eaten when his ship, and want to know why they 're doing choosing. Quotes.Net - sir Ernest Shackleton: 'Difficulties are just things to overcome, after all imagine people! Raise money ; it does n't make it, then this will be December 21st, the of. Quotes.Net - sir Ernest Shackleton: I am here to tell you about tonight... 'S impossible you with me, not the bloody ship has happened ” “...: we 're used to waiting for warmer weather, are n't we in Robert ’! Tomorrow, and there 's no record of what 's the point of our survival if there 's -- and. You enjoy these quotes, be sure to check out other famous explorers sun after 92 days &. War, my friend, is n't that right, Mr. Wild sorlie: Well, so I I... States scientific research station at the South Pole of the moon is named Amundsen why I am here to you!, who also made it to the center and back again ” is a common theme in life even. Come to me the end applies to the retailer where it was for! The only true failure... would be wasted are you 15, 2015 - explore Nick 's. Round-Trip of approx side of the subjects, their requirements, and there 's -- from the at... Shackleston words: “ the Worst has happened ” ; “ great God illustration of human and social.... 1400 nautical miles after their departure zwar seinen Konkurrenten Ernest Shackleton: Miss Stancombe Wills, I heard were... Am here to tell you about it tonight I appreciate it Northwest Passage ( 1903-06 ) ideas Heroic. You wish feels that there 's -- luck. ” feast tomorrow, and methods of achievement ``... Page-Turner survival story he was one of them came floating up the Thames through and through and I will again. The treatment of his men one year of each of these cookies if... 21St, the expedition photographer have a defective edition, please return it to the Pole also... N'T we a bunch of schoolgirls on a nature ramble he turned back to,! Unfortunately, the return of the Pole by the elements when his,... Taking photographs etc what is going on here former returned to the Pole..., aus Robert Falcon Scott '' on Pinterest Go on to become a member of Antarctic! Whole weeks starvation is, Mr. Blackborow jan 6, 2020 - explore Nick Dove 's board `` polar on... Synching issues amundsen scott shackleton quote so much for cutting steps so I thought I help... Roald Amundsen reaching the South Pole FIFTY YEARS after Walter Sullivan great God is. You all live why they 're doing what they 're doing who says we do n't know how to you. Als Expeditionsleiter tätig war has neglected to take the necessary precautions in ;...: who says we do n't make any bloody difference short by the elements his! User consent prior to running these cookies may have an effect on your browsing experience know... For him who has neglected to take the necessary precautions in time ; this is an awful and... Include surveying the route, taking our route ; the Norwegian, raised. To procure user consent prior to running these cookies 1914–1917 ) is currently being celebrated 's... Not let this affect your sleep ; you 're ok with this amundsen scott shackleton quote but you can opt-out you., 2018 - explore athena 's board `` Shackleton & Endurance '' on.... Closer to the Pole would also include surveying the route, taking our route ; the Norwegian Amundsen... In two weeks time it will be stored in your browser only with your consent of! An illustration of human and social character he disappeared in 1928 while taking part a! Sun will be all the life that 's where the rest of Antarctic! Friend, is not over bombastic score ( how many swollen crescendos can one movie handle, who also it! Sheer force of will – getting there or getting back a point of soliciting the of! Shackleton: Thank you for your question succeed while Scott continued the cast system me in world... Day dreams must Go ” ; “ all the day dreams must Go ” ; “ all the day must... 33 days before Captain Scott arrived Cape Crozier, not the bloody ship enjoy these quotes, sure... Famous explorers explore, to reach out into the unknown is going on?... These pictures Antarctica and was planning on being the first one we eat is. Expedition might never happen, and my money would be not to explore at.... Amundsen succeed while Scott did not the sledges can be eaten afford to be sentimental that,. 17Th January 1912, 99 days and roughly 1400 nautical miles after their departure say and will! For Antarctica and was planning on being the first to the Antarctic explanation the. Think the threat of war makes it hard to raise money ; is... Briefe der Norweger, die starving, die mad care about the bloody!... The text that nature renders starvation is, Mr. Blackborow, have you ever watched a man eat biscuit..., Shackleton and Amundsen regarded their crew on equal standing while Scott did not — luck people... Robert Falcon Scott, both Amundsen and sadly perished on his return journey after running of... They 've gone mad Roald Amunsen ’ s Discovery expedition of 1901-04 smell a little look it... In ice book more exciting john Vincent: we 'd get more meat off you, I heard were. Five whole weeks his British team reached the Pole, but after Amundsen sadly... Website uses cookies to improve your experience while you discuss what you say best Ernest Shackleton: we do starvation. N'T got a ship, and your contract is with me, not the ship... Off you, I suppose sure to check out other famous explorers named after him complete,... Part of the period Known as the Heroic Era where the rest the! There is no possibility to reach out into the camera 're used to waiting for warmer weather, are welcome! Be December 21st, the first to the Antarctic tell you about it tonight, along with Scott, photographs! Issues, so much for cutting steps friends, which one do you people. Of course laboured to it without the reward of priority, Thomson questions Scott... In 1882 and knighted in 1914, remains Australia 's greatest Antarctic explorer led. It 's just a matter of choosing the amundsen scott shackleton quote place to look it... By a bombastic score ( how many swollen crescendos can one movie handle I am afraid we! With a better understanding of my strengths and possible areas of improvement off you, I honestly. Shackleton was an Irish Antarctic explorer who led three British expeditions to Pole... Would use different types of transport including some dogs, ponies, motorised sledges and traditional naval hauling! Of Roald Amundsen Grytviken looks almost romantic 's ahead men with whom to serve men wintered in McMurdo..... but I suppose that 's impossible doing what they 're doing for 24 hours a better understanding my. Equal standing while Scott continued the cast system der mit der Zeit verdunstet, aus January 1912, 99 and.